Are Age Spots Cancerous?

Author: Samantha Cook
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Age spots are not cancerous.

More Info: Lentigines, better known as liver or age spots, are not cancerous nor do they lead to cancer.  That doesn't mean that they should be ignored.  It's not the age spot that's harmful, it's the misdiagnosis of the age spot that is. [1]

What Are Age Spots?

The term age spots is actually a misnomer as anybody of any age can get them.  You can be predisposed to them through heredity and you can also get them as you age through sun exposure.  Age spots are a buildup of melanin, which is the skin's response to sun exposure.  Melanin turns the skin brown to protect against sun damage but can begin to clump as you age resulting in a dark spot on the skin. [2]

The Dangers of Self-Diagnosis

The reason that you should have age spots checked by your doctor even though they are not cancerous nor do they lead to cancer is that they may be accompanied by actinic keratosis, which are precancerous, red, scaly elevations of the skin.  [3] Another compelling reason to have your age spots checked out is that skin cancer can be mistaken for an age spot by the untrained eye.  Accounting for 10% of melanoma cases, lentigo maligna melanoma often occurs on sun-damaged skin, and is frequently mistaken for an age-spot.  Easily treatable in its early stages, this type of melanoma is dangerous as it often goes undetected.  Even superficial spreading melanoma looks like a flat spot resembling a freckle in its early stages. [4]

Early Detection=Higher Cure Rate

Melanoma accounts for 77% of all deaths from skin cancer. With early detection, 95% of melanoma cases can be successfully treated. [5] You should perform regular examinations of your skin and consult a physician anytime you find something suspicious.  According to the American Academy of Dermatology, there are a few key signs to watch for when examining your moles and areas of pigmentation that include asymmetry, where one side looks different from the other, an irregular or poorly defined border, has variations in color, or are larger than a pencil eraser. [6]

Resources for Early Detection of Melanoma

Though you should never use the internet to self-diagnose any condition, there are some wonderful resources to better educate yourself about melanoma.  Here are just a few.

If you have never seen melanoma, Mayo Clinic provides a slideshow to help identify skin cancer.  

The Melanoma Education Foundation provides a tutorial with step-by-step instructions on performing a melanoma self- examination.

The ABCDEs of Melanoma, created by the American Academy of Dermatology, is an easy way to remember the skin changes that you should be watching for.

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Works Cited

[1][3] ASDS-American Society for Dermatologic Surgery
Liver Spots and Aging Hands Information
http://www.asds.net/LiverSpotsAgingHandsInformation.aspx

[2] Mayo Clinic
Age Spots (liver spots) Causes
http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/age-spots/DS00912/DSECTION=causes

[4][5] Skin Cancer Net-American Academy of Dermatology
Four Types of Melanoma
http://www.skincarephysicians.com/skincancernet/four_types.html

[6] American Academy of Dermatology
What to Look for: the ABCDE’s of Melanoma
http://www.aad.org/spot-skin-cancer/understanding-skin-cancer/how-do-i-check-my-skin/what-to-look-for/what-to-look-for

[7] Melanoma Education Foundation
Finding Melanoma Early: How to Check Your Skin
http://www.skincheck.org/Page5.php



purplearrowExpert Opinion

Quote:    "True age spots are harmless and don't need treatment, but they can look like cancerous growths. For cosmetic reasons, age spots can be lightened with skin-bleaching products or removed. "

Source:   Age Spots Definition   Mayo Clinic

 

Quote:  "The spots are not cancerous nor do they lead to cancer. However, on skin exposed to the sun, they may be accompanied by precancerous scaly, red elevations of the skin called actinic keratoses. Dark spots, which might be cancerous, may also appear to be lentigines. All of these blemishes should be evaluated by a dermatologic surgeon."

SourceAge Spots     American Society for Dermatologic Surgery

purplearrowGlossary of Terms

Actinic keratosis: Scaly or crusty growths (lesions) caused by damage from the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays, actinic keratosis (AK) is also known as solar keratoses.
Skin Cancer Foundation

Lentigo maligna melanoma: Lentigo maligna (LM) is a subtype of melanoma in situ that typically develops on sun-damaged skin. Presentation may be quite subtle and delayed diagnosis is common.
Journal of Dermatologic Surgery

Melanin: a natural substance that gives color (pigment) to hair, skin, and the iris of the eye. It is produced by cells in the skin called melanocytes.
Medline Plus

Melanoma: a highly malignant tumor that starts in melanocytes of normal skin or moles and metastasizes rapidly and widely.
Merriam-Webster Dictionary

Superficial spreading melanoma:  is a form of melanoma in which the malignant cells tend to stay within the tissue of origin, the epidermis, in an ‘in-situ' phase for a prolonged period (months to decades).
DermNet NZ

purple arrowCite this Article

"Are Age Spots Cancerous?." Sophisticated Edge. N.p., n.d. Web. . <http://www.sophisticatededge.com/are-age-spots-cancerous.html>.  

The information on this Web site is designed for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for informed medical advice or care. You should not use this information to treat or diagnose any health problems or illnesses without consulting a physician. It is not meant to take the place of health care or services you may need. Please consult a physician with any questions you may have regarding your health.

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