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Are Hawks Endangered?

are-hawks-endangered

ANSWER:

Some hawks species ARE endangered.

More Info: Of the more than 200 species of hawk in the world, about twenty are considered endangered worldwide. Some individual countries and U.S. states have declared even more species either endangered or vulnerable under their own guidelines.

Why Are They Endangered?

The greatest factor endangering hawks is loss of habitat. Deforestation and urbanization not only reduce food supplies but also available nesting locations. Hawks that prefer wetland habitats are also affected by the drying of wetlands due to damming. As hawks are very reclusive in their nesting practices, disturbance of nesting sites is another frequent culprit of population declines.

Hunting and Poisoning

Some endangered hawks, such as the Hawaiian hawk, are threatened by poaching. They are most often trapped and killed to be stuffed as trophies. Others, such as the red-shouldered hawk, were shot and killed in great numbers by farmers that mistakenly believe the hawks will hunt domestic fowl such as chickens. Certain industrial pesticides, most notably DDT, also caused widespread drops in hawk populations before it was banned in 1972.

How Close To Extinction Are They?

Most of the species experiencing population declines are listened as “threatened” or “vulnerable,” meaning they are not yet endangered but are in trouble. Many constantly teeter between “endangered” and “threatened” status. Only one species of hawk is considered “critically threatened,” or about to go extinct in the wild. Ridgway’s hawk, native to Haiti and the Dominican Republic, has been largely wiped out by deforestation and misguided farmers.

 

Resources

“Protecting Bald Eagles, Peregrine Falcons, Ospreys, Treefrogs and other Rare Species – Eaglecam, FalconCam – Conserve Wildlife Foundation of New Jersey.” Protecting Bald Eagles, Peregrine Falcons, Ospreys, Treefrogs and other Rare Species – Eaglecam, FalconCam – Conserve Wildlife Foundation of New Jersey. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012.  http://www.conservewildlifenj.org/

“Audubon WatchList – Hawaiian Hawk.” Audobon. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012. http://audubon2.org/watchlist/viewSpecies.jsp?id=101

“Worldwide Endangered Animal List.” Earth’s Endangered Creatures. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2012.  http://www.earthsendangered.com/list.asp

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