A koi pond does not have to be high maintenance but it does require regular upkeep to ensure the health of the koi fish you house as well as that of the plant life you choose to adorn within and around the pond.
Importance of Water Quality
One of the most important aspects of properly maintaining your koi pond is the quality of the water. To have a true koi pond and to ensure the overall wellbeing of your fish, the pH, temperature, oxygen and carbon dioxide levels and water hardness is extremely important. You will have to ensure that certain ingredients are added to the water as well, particularly nitrogen elements such as nitrates and ammonia.
Cleaning and Filtering
Filtering has to be done during autumn in preparation for winter and all debris and leaves should be removed. The best type of filter for a koi pond is one that is mechanical and that can control the movement of the water in addition to straining away debris and fish waste. Some examples of popular filtration devices are skimmers, vortex chambers and pump baskets. There is also a biological means of filtering a koi pond that consists of bacteria that breaks down waste into harmless substances. This is where nitrates come into play.
UV lights are an important component of the maintenance of your koi pond. They can fight against potential bacteria and diseases in the water and control the growth of algae, which can have an adverse effect on the pond and the koi living therein. UV light bulbs should be examined regularly and changed every six months as they can burn out quickly.
Set a Regular Maintenance Time
The best thing you can do in ensuring the maintenance of your koi pond is to set a regular time each day in which to check on it. While life certainly gets busy enough that you can forget about an activity like caring for your pond, sticking to a regular schedule will ensure that you remember to check it, which means you will be able to keep the water, fish and plant life healthy.
Blasiola, George C.. Koi: Everything about Selection, Care, Nutrition, Diseases, Breeding, Pond Design and Maintenance, and Popular Aquatic Plants. Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s, 1995. Print.
Bartlett, Richard D., and Patricia Pope Bartlett. Koi for dummies. Hoboken, N.J.: Wiley, 2007. Print.