Salamanders are NOT reptiles. Salamanders are amphibians.
Salamanders are found in many parts of the world and are often mistaken for reptiles. However, salamanders are actually cold-blooded amphibians. While most species are fairly small, some can grow up to 5 feet in length.
There are over 500 different species of salamanders. Most have long tails, slim bodies and four short legs. Like frogs, certain species of salamanders have tongues as much as 10 feet longer than their bodies.
Salamanders typically live near water. Marshes, creeks and ponds are ideal places for these amphibians to make their home. Salamanders lay their jelly-like eggs in the water, where they remain until they hatch. Most salamanders are nocturnal and are able to regenerate limbs after attacks from predatory animals. Salamanders must have moisture to live and are often found in humid areas such as damp basements.
Certain species of salamanders have teeth and some are also poisonous. Salamanders excrete their milky poison through their skin when attacked or fearful. Both the tiger salamander and the rough-skinned newt are poisonous and pose a threat to animals and humans.
“Salamander Information | Salamander Fun Facts | Reptile Gardens.” Wild Animal Park | South Dakota Attractions | Reptile Gardens. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. http://www.reptilegardens.com/amphibians-bugs/amphibians/salamanders.php
“Amphibians and Reptiles | Missouri Department of Conservation.” Missouri’s Fish, Forests and Wildlife | Missouri Department of Conservation. N.p., n.d. Web. 6 Nov. 2012. http://mdc.mo.gov/discover-nature/common-plants-and-animals/amphibians-and-reptiles