Side effects after wisdom teeth removal could include dry socket, infection, damage to the sinuses, weakening of the jawbone, and nerve damage.
More Info: As a rule, wisdom tooth extraction will not result in any side effects that are long lasting. Here are a few difficulties that you may experience.
Extracting a wisdom tooth is usually done on an outpatient basis, which means that you will not be hospitalized overnight. As a rule, having this procedure will not result in any complications that are long-lasting, but difficulties that you may experience include:
- Exposure of bone (dry socket) when the blood clot that has formed is dislodged, which may be painful and prevent healing
- Infection in the site from trapped food particles or bacteria
- Damage to the sinuses
- Weakening of the jawbone
- Nerve damage that causes altered sensation in the chin, tongue, or lower lip
Treating Dry Socket
If this condition becomes a problem for you, your dentist or oral surgeon will rinse the area with an antiseptic or saline solution to remove any debris that may be lodged there, and you may be given anesthesia to lessen your discomfort. He or she will also pack the socket with paste or a medicated dressing, and you may need to visit your physician every day until the problem is solved.
Certain dressings will dissolve on their own while others have to be removed or changed. For pain relief, your dentist may give you a prescription or recommend an over-the-counter medication. Once dressings are no longer needed you will be told how the socket should be rinsed to promote healing.
The risks patients face when they have their wisdom teeth removed are based on both their age and the position of the wisdom teeth. They include:
- Swelling, bruising, or soreness of the jaw and inability to open the mouth fully
- Infection that is often treated with antibiotics
- Sore throat, nausea, and other side effects of anesthesia, and weakening of the jawbone, which could increase the possibility of fracture
If you have any of the following symptoms, contact your physician:
- The pain becomes more intense on the day following the procedure
- Any bleeding is sporadic or difficult to control
- You have chills or fever
- Swelling surrounding the extraction site increases
- You have a rash, itching or related symptoms that may be signs of an allergic reaction to the medication you are using
- You have ongoing nausea or vomiting
“Wisdom Teeth | AAOMS.org.” American Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons (AAOMS). N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2010. http://www.aaoms.org/wisdom_teeth.php.
“Wisdom Teeth Extraction.” University of Maryland Medical Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2010. http://www.umm.edu/oralhealth/wisdom.htm.
“Wisdom tooth extraction: What you can expect – MayoClinic.com.” Mayo Clinic medical information and tools for healthy living – MayoClinic.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 July 2010. http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/wisdom-tooth-extraction/MY01212/DSECTION=what-you-can-expect.