«

»

Can a Sinus Infection Cause a Sore Throat?

can-a-sinus-infection-cause-sore-throat

 

Answer: A sinus infection CAN cause a sore throat.

 

More Info:  A sinus infection produces postnasal drip, which has the potential to cause a sore throat.  A sore throat does not always accompany sinusitis, but it can be one symptom.

What Are the Sinuses?

The symptoms of sinusitis depend greatly on which sinuses are infected.  There are four distinct sinus cavities in the skull.  The maxillary sinus is the largest and is located in the cheekbone.  The second largest is the frontal sinus, which is located in the forehead above the bridge of the nose.  The ethmoid and sphenoid sinuses are quite small compared to the other two and are located between the eyes.  So severe pain emanating from the lower forehead would likely be due to an infection of the frontal sinus. [1]

can-a-sinus-infection-cause-eye-probelms2

What Is a Sinus Infection?

The sinuses contain tissue that is lined with a mucous layer that helps to defend against bacteria, germs, and viruses.  A sinus infection will cause this tissue to become inflamed causing a variety of symptoms including loss of smell, bad breath, headache, fatigue, fever, nasal stuffiness, post nasal drip, and sore throat. [2]

Post Nasal Drip Can Cause a Sore Throat

Mucous is present in the nasal cavity in order to keep the nose and throat moist as well as drive away bacteria and impurities that may enter the nasal cavity.  It generally runs down the back of the throat unnoticed.  Sickness such as a cold, the flu, or a sinus infection can cause this naturally occurring mucous to build up and thicken causing the post nasal drip to become more noticeable.  It can also cause a cough, sore throat, and difficulty swallowing. [3]

Is It a Sinus Infection or a Cold?

The primary indication that you are suffering from a sinus infection versus a cold is the duration of the symptoms. The symptoms of a simple cold will only last a few days and then dissipate while sinus infection symptoms last for more than a week and may become more severe without treatment. Also, since a cold can actually precede a sinus infection, it is important to make note of the color of your nasal discharge. With a cold, nasal discharge is thin and clear; with a sinus infection, discharge is thick and yellow or greenish. [4]

 

Resources 

[1] WebMD
Sinus Infection

http://www.webmd.com/allergies/picture-of-the-sinuses

[2] WebMD
Treating a Sore Throat Caused by Post Nasal Drip

http://www.webmd.com/allergies/tc/treating-a-sore-throat-caused-by-postnasal-drip-topic-overview

[3] National Institutes of Health
Sinusitis

http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/article/000647.htm

[4] WebMD
Is It a Sinus Infection or a Cold?

http://www.webmd.com/allergies/sinus-pain-pressure-9/cold-sinus-infections

Resource: eMedicinehealth.com
Sinus Infection Symptoms

http://www.emedicinehealth.com/sinus_infection/page3_em.htm

Resource: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease
Symptoms of Sinusitis

http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/sinusitis/Pages/symptoms.aspx

Glossary of Terms

Post Nasal Drip: s mucus accumulation in the back of the nose and throat leading to, or giving the sensation of, mucus dripping downward from the back of the nose.
Medicinenet.com

Sinusitis:  is inflammation of the paranasal sinuses, which may be due to infection, allergy, or autoimmune issues.
Wikipedia.com

Expert Opinion

“In 2009, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that nearly 31 million adults were diagnosed with sinusitis.  Women were almost twice as likely as men to receive the diagnosis, and there were more cases in the southern United States than anywhere else in the country.”

What Is Sinusitis?  National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease