Chances of Getting Pregnant During Ovulation

Author: Staff Writers

The chances of getting pregnant during ovulation depend on many factors.  In the case of a healthy fertile woman coupled with a healthy fertile man, age is the strongest determining factor.  Based on the probability calculations of Dr. Charles Westoff, fertility expert, Princeton University, here is a quick glance at the chances of getting pregnant during ovulation.

Early Twenties: In her early twenties, a healthy fertile woman has a 20%-25% probability of conception each month.  The average time of conception for this age group is four months.  The likelihood of conception within one year is 93%-97%.

Late Twenties: In her late twenties, a healthy fertile woman has a 15%-20% probability of conception each month.  The average time of conception for this age group is 6.7 months.  The likelihood of conception within one year is 86%.

Early Thirties: In her early thirties, a healthy fertile woman has a 10%-15% probability of conception each month.  The average time of conception for this age group is 10 months.  The likelihood of conception within one year is 72%.

Late Thirties: In her late thirties, a healthy fertile woman has a 9% probability of conception each month.  The average time of conception for this age group is 12 months.  The likelihood of conception within one year is 65%.

Source: Sherman J Siebler, MD, "How to Get Pregnant" New York, NY: Little, Brown and Co., 2009. Print.

When Are You Most Likely to Get Pregnant?

Intercourse is most likely to result in pregnancy when it's performed in the six day fertility window around the days of ovulation.  According to clinical guidelines, a woman with regular periods experiences ovulation between days 10 and 17.  One study that attempted to provide estimates on the likely occurrence of the six fertile days during the menstrual cycle discovered that only 30% of the participants fit the clinical guidelines.  The study warns that the time of the fertile window can be highly unpredictable. [2]

Frequency of Intercourse

It goes without saying that unless a woman is being artificially inseminated or having in vitro fertilization, she cannot get pregnant unless she is having sex with a fertile male partner. If you are trying to get pregnant, physicians recommend that you have unprotected sex every other day or every third day to maximize your chances, but say that having sex every day or even multiple times a day during ovulation does not seem to increase the likelihood of pregnancy. [3] If you are a healthy woman under 35 who has been having unprotected sex for more than a year without a resulting pregnancy, it may be time to have your partner see a fertility specialist. [4]

Other Factors Affecting Fertility

Many lifestyle factors significantly impact fertility including alcohol intake, caffeine consumption, weight, smoking, and sexually transmitted diseases.

Alcohol. High levels of alcohol intake can reduce the chances of conceiving by up to 50 percent. [5]

Caffeine. Caffeine consumption affects both male and female fertility.  Caffeine reduces likelihood of conception 10% for every cycle.  Those that ingest more than 300 milligrams per day decrease chances of conception by 27% for each cycle. [6]

Weight. Being under or overweight can impact your chances of getting pregnant. Twelve percent of all infertility cases are linked to patient weight. Obesity accounts for six percent of primary infertility, while low body weight accounts for another six percent. More than 70% of women who are infertile due to weight issues are able to conceive once they resolve the problem. [7]

Smoking. Smoking not only reduces female fertility, but it also increases the likelihood of ectopic pregnancies and miscarriage. [8]

Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Both chlamydia and gonorrhea can reduce fertility. Chlamydia is often symptomless and when left untreated develops into pelvic inflammatory disease in 10-15% of women.  The infections can cause permanent damage to the fallopian tubes, uterus, and surrounding tissue. [9]

NEXT> How to Know When You Are Ovulating

 

[2] British Medical Journal, Wilcox, Allen J
The timing of the "fertile window" in the menstrual cycle: day specific estimates from a prospective study
2000, Volume: 321, No:7271, pages: 1259-1262

[3] WebMD
Fast Track Your Conception
http://www.webmd.com/baby/features/how-to-get-pregnant-fast

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Works Cited

[4] Advanced Fertility Center of Chicago
When to See a Fertility Specialist
http://www.advancedfertility.com/choose.htm

[5] Bruce, Debra Fulghum, Samuel S. Thatcher, and Britt Berg.
Making a baby: everything you need to know to get pregnant.
Rev. and updated. ed. New York, NY: Ballantine Books, 2010. Print.

[6] American Journal of Epidemiology, Hatch, EE
Association of delayed conception with caffeine consumption
1993, Volume: 138, No: 12, pages: 1082-1092

[7] American Society for Reproductive Medicine
Abnormal Body Weight: A Preventable Cause Of Infertility
http://www.asrm.org/Abnormal_Body_Weight/

[8] American Society for Reproductive Medicine
Smoking and Infertility
http://www.asrm.org/Smoking_and_Infertility_factsheet/

[9] Centers for Disease Control
STDs and Infertility
http://www.cdc.gov/std/infertility/

purplearrowExpert Opinion

Quote: "To maximize your fertility, have sex once a day around the time of ovulation. Daily intercourse during the days leading up to ovulation may increase the odds of conception."

Source:  Roger W. Harms, M.D. Mayo Clinic obstetrician and medical editor-in-chief

 

Quote:  "Women over 35 usually continue to ovulate, and most women ovulate until their mid-40s or beyond. It's just that the egg becomes 'older' with the woman, so that conception becomes less likely."

Source:  Amos Grunebaum, MD, medical director of the WebMD Fertility Center

(Medicinenet.com)

 

purple arrowCite this Article

"Chances of Getting Pregnant During Ovulation." Sophisticated Edge. N.p., n.d. Web. . <http://www.sophisticatededge.com/chances-of-getting-pregnant-during-ovulation.html>.  

The information on this Web site is designed for educational purposes only. It is not intended to be a substitute for informed medical advice or care. You should not use this information to treat or diagnose any health problems or illnesses without consulting a physician. It is not meant to take the place of health care or services you may need. Please consult a physician with any questions you may have regarding your health.

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