Macular degeneration is an eye disease that results in the breakdown of (or damage to) the eye’s macula, which enables us to see minute details properly. As a consequence, people experience blurriness or darkness at the center of their vision, but it does not affect their peripheral vision. By itself, it does not cause total blindness, and most people with this condition have a certain amount of useful vision and can function well.
Contributing factors for developing age-related macular degeneration (AMD) include the following:
- AMD is more prevalent among Caucasians than in other groups, particularly for those aged 75 and older.
- Females are more like than males to develop this condition, and since they also live longer, they often experience severe vision loss as well.
- Cigarette smoking doubles your risk of contracting the disease, and it is also the most preventable cause of AMD.
- Being obese increases the likelihood that your macular degeneration will eventually evolve into a more severe form.
- Poor nutrient can have a harmful effect on your general health, along with the lack of antioxidants that lessen the effects of aging and help prevent the onset of diseases, including AMD.
- Those who have cardiovascular disease-such as high blood pressure, angina, stroke, and heart attack are also at risk.
Treating Wet Macular Degeneration
With this condition, abnormal blood vessels form rapidly in back of the retina. At some point, they begin leaking fluid and blood, damaging the macula, which controls our central vision. The recommended treatment is based on both the location and quantity of those abnormal blood vessels.
Outlook for the Future
The National Eye Institute is sponsoring and conducting numerous clinical studies to gather more information regarding AMD. As part of their work, those involved in the research are:
- Studying the feasibility of transplanting new cells into a damaged retina
- Analyzing families that have a history of the disease to evaluate the various hereditary and genetic factors that may cause it
- Considering certain anti-inflammatory remedies for those who have the wet form of macular degeneration