A hysterectomy DOES cause menopause when the ovaries are removed.
More Info: A hysterectomy does cause menopause if referring to the simplified, generally accepted definition of menopause, as defined by the National Institute of Health, which is the permanent cessation of menstruation and fertility over a consecutive 12 month period. Though menstruation does stop, the symptoms that accompany menopause do not always set in immediately following a hysterectomy. When the procedure removes the uterus, menstruation will stop but menopause symptoms do not necessarily follow. If the ovaries are removed as part of the hysterectomy procedure then menopause will set in immediately.
What Is Removed in a Hysterectomy?
A hysterectomy generally refers to the removal of the uterus. There are several variations on the hysterectomy procedure that include the removal of other tissue and organs.
Hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus.
Partial/supracervical/subtotal hysterectomy is the removal of the upper part of the uterus.
Complete/total hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus and the cervix.
Complete/total hysterectomy may be combined with any of the following (for example bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy):
Unilateral oophorectomy is the removal of one ovary.
Bilateral oophorectomy is the removal of both ovaries.
Salpingectomy is the removal of the fallopian tubes.
Radical hysterectomy is the removal of the uterus, surrounding tissue, cervix, and top part of the vagina.
When Does Hysterectomy Mean Menopause?
The type of hysterectomy that is performed will dictate if it will initiate menopause.
The removal of the uterus or part of the uterus (hysterectomy, subtotal, or complete,) that doesn’t include the removal of the ovaries will stop menstruation but generally does not trigger the symptoms that accompany the cessation of periods that most people consider menopause such as hot flashes and mood swings. It may bring on menopause earlier than other women.
“Menopause – PubMed Health.” National Center for Biotechnology Information. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2012. <http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001896/>
” What You Need to Know about Hysterectomies” Cleveland Clinic. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2012. http://my.clevelandclinic.org/services/hysterectomy/hic_what_you_need_to_know_about_hysterectomy.aspx
“Hysterectomy fact sheet | womenshealth.gov .” womenshealth.gov . N.p., n.d. Web. 16 May 2012. <http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/hysterectomy.cfm>.