When a mosquito bites, it injects saliva into the bloodstream to widen the blood vessels and stop the blood from clotting. The ensuing swelling and itching are the body’s autoimmune response to this foreign substance introduced to the bloodstream. There is no way to eradicate a mosquito bite once bitten, but there are several measures to take to make you more comfortable.
Over the Counter Antihistamines
To reduce swelling try an over the counter antihistamine like Benadryl. Look for medications that contain the following ingredients: diphenhydramine, chlorpheniramine maleate, ), loratadine or cetirizine.
Over the Counter Creams
Soothe the infected area with an over the counter ointment like hydrocortisone or calamine lotion. Look for medications that contain the following ingredients: menthol, camphor, phenol, benzocaine, pramoxine, or diphanhydramine.
As long as there have been mosquito bites there have been people smearing some sort of homemade concoction on the infected area in an attempt at relief. Here are a few of the more common.
Homemade pastes: (equal parts water combined with any of the following) meat tenderizer, baking soda, salt, or crushed aspirin.
Remedies from the pantry: (dab any of the following on the bite) toothpaste, vinegar, tea bag, rubbing alcohol.
Activities: Take a soothing oatmeal bath, cool the area with an ice compress, run cool water over the affected area.