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Macular Degeneration: What Are the Risk Factors?

Macular Degeneration: What Are the Risk Factors?


Genetics and getting older are two significant risk factors for developing this condition. While neither of them can be controlled, there are certain things you can do to prevent or slow the progression of macular degeneration.

Steps to Slow Macular Degeneration 

To promote retinal health, be sure to eat a balanced diet with an abundance of fruit and vegetables, and the antioxidants found in leafy green vegetables are thought to be especially beneficial because of the antioxidants they contain. Research has also shown that a combination of vitamins A, C and E and zinc may lessen the risk of further vision loss for those who already have the disease. Note also, that you should always consult with you physician before you begin taking antioxidant supplements because they may not be recommended, depending on any other medications you already take.

In addition to diet, you can also take these simple measurers to protection your vision: wear sunglasses that block UVB rays, have regular eye examinations, carefully manage any other illnesses you may have-such as high blood pressure and diabetes,  and schedule regular eye examinations.

Other Food Factors Associated with Macular Degeneration

A study reported in the British Journal of Ophthalmology reveals that eating fatty fish-including tuna, mackerel, or salmon-two or three times every week can also reduce the risk of developing macular degeneration  and slow the progression of the disease as well. Along with Omega-3 fatty acids, nuts also contain copper and having a handful of nuts two or three times a week can also reduce your risk of  developing problems with your vision.

A high-cholesterol, high-fat diet can result in fatty plaque deposits in the macula, which can impede blood flow and heighten the risk of macular degeneration. Conversely, a low-fat diet contributes to good eye health, and the amount of red meat we consume should be kept at a minimum.

It is thought that lutein and zeaxanthin, which are two yellow pigments found in the macula, protect it from light damage and free radicals, harmful molecules that are harmful to cells in the body. They are part of normal bodily processes and present in various environmental sources (air pollutants, certain drugs, radiation, toxins, and cigarette smoke) as well. Both lutein and zeaxanthin are found in yellow and green leafy vegetables, which should be an important part of our diet.­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­

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