Eighty-five to ninety percent of infertility cases can be treated with conventional therapies, such as medication or surgical organ repair. The fertility drugs that your regular doctor can prescribe are clomiphene citrate, human menopausal gonadotropin: LH/FSH, follicle stimulating hormones and human chorionic gonadotropin.
Clomiphene citrate is the generic name for the drugs Clomid and Seraphene. When taken orally, clomiphine citrate induces ovulation by blocking the estrogen receptors, thus making your ovaries produce one or more eggs, that otherwise would not have developed without the medication. Clomiphene citrate is usually dispensed in fifty-milligram tablets, with the dosages ranging from one-half tablet to three tablets per day for five days during the first week of the menstrual cycle. It must be noted however that dosages that exceed one hundred milligrams are not approved by the Food and Drug Administration.
Human Menopausal Gonadotropin: LH/FSH
Although human menopausal gonadotropin: LH/FSH or hMG can only be dispensed through injection, it is a commonly prescribed fertility drug by doctors. The hMG injection contains follicle-stimulating hormones and is sometimes combined with luteinizing hormones, which cause ovaries to develop follicles and mature eggs.
Follicle Stimulating Hormone or FSH
The main ingredient of medicines like Follistim and Gonal-F is the follicle stimulating hormone or FSH. It is also administered in injection form and stimulates the recruitment and development of multiple eggs.
Human Chorionic Gonadotropin or HGC
Medicines with the generic name of human chorionic gonadotropin work in the final maturation stage of ovulation by making it possible for the ovaries to release the eggs. HGC works similarly to the way medicines with LH do, as it is also an injectable medicine, and produces the same effect that a surge in LH does in the body.
“Frequently Asked Questions: Infertility.” American Society for Reproductive Medicine. Web. 29 Nov. 2010. http://www.asrm.org/detail.aspx?id=75.
“Drugs to Induce Ovulation | Patient Education.” UCSF Medical Center. University of California San Francisco, 29 Oct. 2010. Web. 29 Nov. 2010. http://www.ucsfhealth.org/education/drugs_to_induce_ovulation/.
“Glossary of Terms.” American Fertility Services. Web. 29 Nov. 2010. http://www.americanfertility.com/resources/glossary.php#InjectableFertilityMedications