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What Is Endometriosis?

What Is Endometriosis?


Endometriosis is a gynecological condition in that the cells found in the uterine lining spread to areas outside the uterine cavity causing pain, excessive bleeding, and, in rare cases, infertility. When the uterine cells establish themselves outside of the uterine cavity they are not shed during menstruation like the uterine cells found within the uterine cavity. These cells outside the cavity will cause pain during menstruation, but they will then heal afterwards only to become painful again the next cycle. Endometriosis is a common gynecological problem and is typically only seen during the reproductive years.

What Are the Symptoms of Endometriosis?

The symptoms of endometriosis can start out as mild to moderate at the beginning of a woman’s menstrual cycle, but can gradually worsen over time. The symptoms include painful and sometimes severe menstrual cramps, chronic lower back and pelvis pain, pain during intercourse and after, painful urination and bowel movements during menstruation, spotting and light bleeding between periods, difficulty conceiving, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, fatigue and nausea while menstruating, periods that are heavy and irregular. Endometriosis can affect females of all ages, including teenagers who are menstruating, but the health condition is more common among women in their 30’s and 40’s.


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