Generally speaking, the uterus is removed in a hysterectomy.
More Info: The true answer to this question depends on which type of hysterectomy procedure you are undergoing. In all cases all or part of the uterus is removed in hysterectomy but can also include the cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.
What Are the Types of Hysterectomies?
There are three types of hysterectomy: supracervical, total, and radical. In a supracervical hysterectomy ( also called subtotal or partial) the cervix is left in place while the upper half of the uterus is removed. In a total hysterectomy, the entire uterus and cervix are removed. Radical hysterectomy (also called total radical), is generally only performed if cancer is present and includes removal of the entire uterus, tissue surrounding the uterus, the cervix, and the top part of the vagina. (Technically, a hysterectomy does not include removal of the ovaries or fallopian tubes.)
What Are the Surgical Procedure Options for a Hysterectomy?
Three options are available for a hysterectomy and include an abdominal incision, vaginally, or using a laparoscopic technique. The oldest technique is done by creating an incision along the bikini line of the patient giving the doctor full access to the involved area. This technique typically takes the longest to perform and results in a longer recovery period. Various laparoscopic techniques are available and require small incisions in the abdomen to allow insertion of laparoscopic instruments. The third technique is conducted through the vaginal canal and requires no external incisions resulting in a shorter procedure and reduced recovery time.
Knadler, Jessie. “Hysterectomy.” Women’s Health Center: Information on Women’s Wellness, Nutrition, Fitness, Intimate Questions, and Weight Loss. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 July 2011. <http://women.webmd.com/hysterectomy-8/types-of-hysterectomy>.
“Hysterectomy Procedure Option.” Medicinenet.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 14 July 2011. <www.medicinenet.com/hysterectomy/article.htm>