When to Plant Peas
Plant peas as early in the season as possible.
Peas Need to Be Planted Early
Peas do not perform well in hot weather. When grown in temperatures 85°f or above the growth is inhibited as well as the formation of flowers and pods.
Because most pea varieties require at least 60 days to maturity it is important that peas are planted as early as possible in the spring so that they have time to mature before the hot weather sets in.
Planting Conditions for Peas
Peas require fertile, well-drained soil in full sun. Wait until the soil has reached a temperature of at least 55-65°F for optimal growth and production. Though a little risky, you can plant peas in soil temperatures above 40°F as young plants can withstand light frost. Once the pods have developed frost can damage them so it is important to cover maturing plants prior to frost.
Starting Peas Indoors
It's best not to start pea seedlings indoors unless the climate and growing conditions are prohibitive to sowing pea seeds directly into the soil. Peas are temperamental and do not like to have their roots disturbed once established. If you must start them indoors, plant the seeds in peat pots that can be planted right along with the seedling to minimize trauma to the roots.