Who Invented the Clothes Dryer?

Author: Staff Writers
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If your clothes dryer has ever broken down, leaving you with the two sorry options of either driving to the laundromat with soaking wet clothes or hanging your clothes out to dry in the middle of winter, you've probably wondered who invented the clothes dryer. The clothes dryer, one of the true marvels of convenience, slowly developed into its current form over the last 200 years.

1700s

In 1799 a Frenchman known as Pochon invented the ventilator, a precursor to the modern tumble dryer. This early clothes dryer was a rotating metal drum with holes bored into it. Wet clothes were placed inside the drum, which was then positioned over an open fire and cranked by hand.

1800s

On June 7, 1892 an African American named George T. Sampson received a patent for a device similar to Pochon's ventilator. Sampson's invention used the heat from a stove rather than an open fire.

1900s

In 1930 J. Ross Moore of North Dakota constructed an oil-heated drum in an outside shed, thereby inventing the first version of the modern clothes dryer. In 1935 he patented his invention to run on either gas or electrity, but he saw very little financial gain, as money troubles forced him to sell the patent to the Hamilton Manufacturing Company in 1936. The Huebsch Manufacturing Company, which had patented an open air dryer in 1931, introduced the stacked dryer to the market place in 1941 and continued their run in 1954 when they introduced a coin-operated dryer for laundromats. The American Dryer Corporation got into the game in 1965 with two different coin-operated models designed for laundromats. Fourteen years later they introduced the first computerized dryers.

1990s

The 1990s saw the arrival of environmentally friendly and allergy reducing dryers. Equipped with sensors rather than timers, the dryers were designed to turn off the moment the clothes were dry, to save energy. They were also equipped with HEPA/ULPA filters to reduce airborne particles.

Into the Future

The environmental movement has brought things full circle. These days many people are opting to dry their clothes outside again, using only the energy of the sun.

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Works Cited

University of Alabama Huntsville
"WOMEN IN THE HISTORY OF TECHNOLOGY"
www.uah.edu

Biography Channel
Black History Inventors
http://www.biography.com

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Hedonic Quality Adjustment Methods For Clothes Dryers In the U.S. CPI
http://www.bls.gov

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"Who Invented the Clothes Dryer?." Sophisticated Edge. N.p., n.d. Web. . <http://www.sophisticatededge.com/who-invented-the-clothes-dryer.html>.  

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